Gladiator T1 Pre-Workout (Sampler)
Brand RENEGADE PROTEIN
TYPE code:" FREE SHIPPING- " under $12 purchases
We Bring you the most researched with Premium Quality Ingredients Focused in Clean Energy & Pump
Gladiator Pre-workout has truly raised the bar when it comes to high end quality performance for Maximum Power, Strength, Energy, Focus & Endurance. Only using the most researched premium ingredients with NO PROPRIETY BLEND, free from any banned substances, GMO’s and Glutens.
We specifically designed this pre-workout for people who are looking to get an EDGE in the gym or for Sports. You don't get that high intense hit of uncontrollable buzz like other pre-workouts in the market, but rather more focused and leveled feeling. All the energy has gone into the overall performance for your body.
Gladiator T1 delivers results with 6 active ingredients with the recommended amount of dosages for that Clean Energy. Enhance your work out with Gladiator T1 Premium Pre-workout.
-Supports Engery & ATP Levels
-Increase Muscle Strength
-Promotes Nitric Oxide
-No Jitters or Anxiety!
-No Artificial Flavours!
-No Artificial Colourings!
-GMO & Gluten Free!
-No Unnecessary added Fillers!
-No Banned Substances
-No Doping Agents
MOST RESEARCHED TOP 6 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS QUICK FACTS
Creatine & Caffeine delivers great boost to your energy (ATP) and athletic performance focus.
Citrulline Malate can assist in LONGER WORKOUTS, LESS SORENESS, and BETTER RECOVERY with increased PUMP, helps to Boost Nitric Oxide levels
Arginine & Beta-Alanine increase blood flow & muscle carnosine levels. It also helps to Boost Nitric Oxide levels, which increases blood flow resulting in increased Power & Strength levels. Less Fatigue.
Taurine helps to increases muscle contractility both within the heart and joints resulting in more powerful workouts and helps to reduce lactic acid build up.
Research References 6 Active Ingredients
Citrulline Malate REFERENCES
Perez-Guisado J, Jakeman PM. Citrulline Malate Enhances Athletic Anaerobic Performance and Relieves Muscle Soreness. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2010;24(5):1215-22 10.519/JSC.0b013e3181cb28e0.
Orozco-Gutierrez JJ, Castillo-Martinez L, Orea-Tejeda A, et al. Effect of L-arginine or L-citrulline oral supplementation on blood pressure and right ventricular function in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction. Cardiology journal 2010;17(6):612-8.
Sureda A, Cordova A, Ferrer M, Perez G, Tur J, Pons A. l-Citrulline-malate influence over branched chain amino acid utilization during exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology 2010;110(2):341-51. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1509-4.
Effects of L-citrulline oral supplementation on polymorphonuclear neutrophils oxidative burst and nitric oxide production after exercise. Free Radical Research 2009;43(9):828-35. doi: doi:10.1080/10715760903071664.
Bemben MG, Lamont HS Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: recent findings. Sports Med. (2005) 35(2):107-25.
van Loon LJ et. al. Effects of creatine loading and prolonged creatine supplementation on body composition, fuel selection, sprint and endurance performance in humans. Clin Sci (Lond). (2003) 104(2):153-62.
Rawson ES, Volek JS. Effects of creatine supplementation and resistance training on muscle strength and weightlifting performance. J Strength Cond Res. (2003) 17(4):822-31.
Kreider RB. Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations. Mol Cell Biochem. (2003) 244(1-2):89-94.
Willoughby DS and J. Rosene. Effects of oral creatine and resistance training on myosin heavy chain expression. Med Sci Sports Exerc. (2001) 33(10):1674-81.
Willoughby DS and JM Rosene. Effects of oral creatine and resistance training on myogenic regulatory factor expression. Med Sci Sports Exerc. (2003) 35(6):923-9.
Parise G et. al. Effects of acute creatine monohydrate supplementation on leucine kinetics and mixed-muscle protein synthesis. J Appl Physiol. (2001) 91(3):1041-7.
Mihic S et. al. Acute creatine loading increases fat-free mass, but does not affect blood pressure, plasma creatinine, or CK activity in men and women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. (2000) 32(2):291-6.
Branch JD. Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: a meta-analysis. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2003) 13(2):198-226.
Louis M et. al. No effect of creatine supplementation on human myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic protein synthesis after resistance exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. (2003) 285(5):E1089-94.
Louis M et. al. Creatine supplementation has no effect on human muscle protein turnover at rest in the postabsorptive or fed states. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. (2003) 284(4):E764-70.
Juhn MS, Oral creatine supplementation and athletic performance: a critical review. Clin J Sport Med. (1998) 8(4):286-97.
Chwalbinska-Moneta J. Effect of creatine supplementation on aerobic performance and anaerobic capacity in elite rowers in the course of endurance training. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2003) 13(2):173-83.
Engelhardt M et. al. Creatine supplementation in endurance sports. Med Sci Sports Exerc. (1998) 30(7):1123-9.
Santos RV et. al. The effect of creatine supplementation upon inflammatory and muscle soreness markers after a 30km race. Life Sci. (2004) 75(16):1917-24.
van Loon LJ et. al. Creatine supplementation increases glycogen storage but not GLUT-4 expression in human skeletal muscle. Clin Sci (Lond). (2004) 106(1):99-106.
Syrotuik DG, Bell GJ.Acute creatine monohydrate supplementation: a descriptive physiological profile of responders vs. nonresponders. J Strength Cond Res. (2004) 18(3):610-7.
Hespel P et. al. Opposite actions of caffeine and creatine on muscle relaxation time in humans. J Appl Physiol. (2002) 92(2):513-8.
Vandenberghe K, et. al.Caffeine counteracts the ergogenic action of muscle creatine loading. J Appl Physiol. (1996) 80(2):452-7.
van Leemputte M et. al. Shortening of muscle relaxation time after creatine loading. J Appl Physiol. (1999) 86(3):840-4.
Bizzarini E et. al. Is the use of oral creatine supplementation safe? J Sports Med Phys Fitness. (2004) 44(4):411-6.
Greenwood M, et. al. Creatine supplementation during college football training does not increase the incidence of cramping or injury. Mol Cell Biochem. (2003) 244(1-2):83-8.
Casey A and PL Greenhaff PL. Does dietary creatine supplementation play a role in skeletal muscle metabolism and performance? Am J Clin Nutr. (2000) 72(2 Suppl):607S-17S.
Steenge GR et. al. Protein- and carbohydrate-induced augmentation of whole body creatine retention in humans. J Appl Physiol. (2000) 89(3):1165-71.
Burke DG et. al. Effect of alpha-lipoic acid combined with creatine monohydrate on human skeletal muscle creatine and phosphagen concentration. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2003) 13(3):294-302.
Preen D et. al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. Creatine supplementation: a comparison of loading and maintenance protocols on creatine uptake by human skeletal muscle. (2003) 13(1):97-111.
Burke DG et. al. Effect of creatine and weight training on muscle creatine and performance in vegetarians. Med Sci Sports Exerc. (2003) 35(11):1946-55.
Tarnopolsky, M. et. al. Acute and moderate-term creatine monohydrate supplementation does not affect creatine transporter mRNA or protein content in either young or elderly humans. Mol Cell Biochem. (2003) 244(1-2):159-66.
1. Alternative Medical Review. 2002, Dec;7 (6):512-22.
2. Appleton, J. 2002. Arginine: Clinical potential of a semi-essential amino.
3. Nakaki T; Kato R. 1994. Beneficial circulatory effect of L-arginine. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology. Oct, 66:2, 167-71
5. Reyes AA; Karl IE; Klahr S Role of arginine in health and in renal disease [editorial] American Journal of Physiology, 1994 Sep, 267:3 Pt 2, F331-46
6. Albina JE, Mills CD, Barbul A, Thirkill CE, Henry WL Jr, Mastrofrancesco B, Caldwell MD. Arginine metabolism in wounds. American Journal of Physiology 1988;254:E459-E467.
1. De Curtis M, Santamaria F, Ercolini P, Vittoria L, De Ritis G, Garofalo V, Ciccimarra F. Effect of taurine supplementation on fat and energy absorption in cystic fibrosis. Arch Dis Child. 1992 Sep;67(9):1082-5.
2. Greubel S. Isotonic beverages, “energy” and “power” drinks. Med Monatsschr Pharm. 1998 Nov;21(11):353-5.
3. Laidlaw SA, Shultz TD, Cecchino JT, Kopple JD. Plasma and urine taurine levels in vegans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Apr;47(4):660-3.
4. Michalk DV, Tittor F, Ringeisen R, Deeg KH, Bohles H. The development of heart and brain function in low-birth-weight infants fed with taurine-supplemented formula. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1987;217:139-45.
5. Mizushima S, Nara Y, Sawamura M, Yamori Y. Effects of oral taurine supplementation on lipids and sympathetic nerve tone. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1996;403:615-22.
6. Rana SK, Sanders TA. Taurine concentrations in the diet, plasma, urine and breast milk of vegans compared with omnivores. Br J Nutr. 1986 Jul;56(1):17-27.
7. Riesselmann B, Rosenbaum F, Schneider V. Alcohol and energy drink–can combined consumption of both beverages modify automobile driving fitness? Blutalkohol. 1996 Jul;33(4):201-8.
8. Schaffer SW, Lombardini JB, Azuma J. Interaction between the actions of taurine and angiotensin II. Amino Acids. 2000;18(4):305-18.
9. Seidl R, Peyrl A, Nicham R, Hauser E. A taurine and caffeine-containing drink stimulates cognitive performance and well-being. Amino Acids. 2000;19(3-4):635-42.
10. Sole MJ, Jeejeebhoy KN. Conditioned nutritional requirements and the pathogenesis and treatment of myocardial failure. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2000 Nov;3(6):417-24.
11. Suleiman MS. New concepts in the cardioprotective action of magnesium and taurine during the calcium paradox and ischaemia of the heart. Magnes Res. 1994 Dec;7(3-4):295-312.
12. van Gelder NM. Brain taurine content as a function of cerebral metabolic rate: osmotic regulation of glucose derived water production. Neurochem Res. 1989 Jun;14(6):495-7.
al., G.M.S.e., Effect of caffeine on sport-specific endurance performance: A systematic review. . Journal Strength and Conditioning Research, 2009. 23(1): p. 315-24.
Astorino, T.A., R.L. Rohmann, and K. Firth, Effect of caffeine ingestion on one-repetition maximum muscular strength. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008. 102(2): p. 127-32.
Davis, J.M., et al., Central nervous system effects of caffeine and adenosine on fatigue. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 2003. 284(2): p. R399-404.
Graham, T.E. and L.L. Spriet, Metabolic, catecholamine, and exercise performance responses to various doses of caffeine. J Appl Physiol (1985), 1995. 78(3): p. 867-74.
Beaven, C.M., et al., Dose effect of caffeine on testosterone and cortisol responses to resistance exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2008. 18(2): p. 131-41.
Armstrong, L.E., et al., Fluid, electrolyte, and renal indices of hydration during 11 days of controlled caffeine consumption. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2005. 15(3): p. 252-65.